Anonymous's Profile



  • Novice Asked on September 30, 2018 in Automobile.

    The price of Ferrari in Nepal should be Rs. 200,000,000.

    This is the cheapest I am talking about. The Ferrari price in India starts at around Rs. 3.5 crore. So, based on that I did its estimation. I may be wrong about the Ferrari price. Anyways, there is no official showroom in Nepal. All you have to do is ask the importer to get it for you, if you can afford it. But our roads doesn’t suit it. Otherwise, if you are really interested, you may contact Kishore Gears Pvt. Ltd.

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  • Novice Asked on September 19, 2018 in Automobile.

    Starting price of Tata car in Nepal is Rs. 24,95,000.

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  • Novice Asked on September 3, 2018 in Movies.

    Sorry bro!  there isn’t any such link where you can watch Katha Kathmandu online for free. Rather wait for it to get uploaded in YouTube. These days, Nepali movies quickly get uploaded in YouTube with lesser waiting period. So, if you aren’t willing to move your ass till Cinema Hall, you should better wait for the movie to get released in YouTube. Stop watching it through illegal means and give some incentive to those who toiled hard to produce the movie.

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  • Novice Asked on September 3, 2018 in Automobile.

    It is difficult for me to tell you the exact price of Tata Ace in Nepal. But they should probably cost you in the range of 12 lakhs. But actual price is something you will have to ask with Tata Nepal. If you could tell more details about what exactly is your purpose, probably I could suggest you more relevant or good vehicles. Otherwise, it will be difficult to tell you the alternatives of Tata Ace mini-pickup trucks in Nepal.

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  • Novice Asked on February 2, 2018 in Business & Finances.

    Re-insurance company in Nepal is largely promoted by Nepal Government and insurance companies of Nepal. As per the company act, Directors are nominated by the shareholders. Customers of re-insurance company are insurance companies of Nepal. Do you see the possible conflict as investors and customers of re-insurance company of Nepal are largely same. Discuss.

    Re-insurance company is actually an insurance bought by an insurer with the expectation of passing on the larger risks to reinsurers. Here, the reinsurers agree to bear a certain amount of fixed risk borne by the insurer based on the policies that has been issued. From the ceding company, the reinsurer normally gets a premium for providing the service of risk coverage along with the re-insurance service. Through the spreading of a risk, it helps the insurance company to function effectively and efficiently.

    In the context of Nepal, the Nepal Government and other insurance companies have highly been promoting the re-insurance company in the home country itself. The government of Nepal has decided to convert the insurance pool, Nepal to Nepal Re-insurance Company Ltd with equity participation of Government of Nepal, General insurance companies and others. This step has been taken on 7th August, 2014. The capital structure of re-insurance company is composed of 43.55% share of Nepal government while remaining portion from Life and non life insurance companies. The potential customers of Nepal reinsurance are the insurance companies while the investors are also insurance companies at large extent. There is prevalence of the conflict of interest as a result of same investors and customers which calls for the effective corporate governance mechanism.

    Basically, investors want considerable return on the investment while customers want the minimized premium for the insurance policies. For company to satisfy the investors, it requires huge return for the investors. For the customers, it is the other way around. The insurance companies as a part of the re-insurance company might set the policies under which the customers i.e, the insurance companies might have to pay less premium when compared with international standard premium. There lies a contradiction among these parties as they both expects separate outcomes when investing and purchasing some form of insurance. It’s different in this case. Since, customers and investors for the re-insurance companies are same, the inside information of the re-insurance company might be used for the sole benefit of the insurance companies which are participating as board members and promoters in the re-insurance company. We can considerably visualize the manipulation in favor of these insurance companies who are promoters as well as customers for the re-insurance company. Here, the control is completely under the jurisdiction of the insurance companies. Also, in case the condition or situation is unfavorable for insurance companies regarding the policies to be taken by them meeting the standards set by other international re-insurance companies, certain manipulation can occur if it has to be under the re-insurance company within the home country. We can sense the corruption and manipulation under this scenario as well.

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  • Novice Asked on February 2, 2018 in Business & Finances.

    Yes, there exist a potential conflict, as the investors and the customers of Re-insurance Company of Nepal are largely the same.  Referring to data, the government of Nepal owns 43% stake in the company where, life insurance owns 18% stake and remaining 37% is held by non-life insurance. Thus, authority for controlling the company goes directly to dominant insurance companies leaving government with only involvement in board.

    On one hand, insurance companies are customers as well as major promoters of Reinsurance Company. While on the other hand, insurance companies are directing reinsurance from which we can clearly presume the manipulation of Reinsurance Company for their benefit. Considering the rules and procedures, there are certain insurance products and commitments of Nepalese insurance company that may not be re-insurable. However, as the regulators of Reinsurance Company are the same insurance company, they might take upon the re-insurance for their own benefit without any study. Which will further hinder the overall interest of re-insurance companies that leads to conflict of interest. Moreover, entire formulation of rules and regulation might go against the general objective of Reinsurance Company, which may lead to taking decisions that could go beyond interest of the Company.

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  • Novice Asked on February 2, 2018 in Business & Finances.

    Customers basically want most efficient services at lowest price possible, whereas, investors want maximum gain from their investment. Since customers and investors of these re-insurance companies are same, there seem to be an obvious conflict of interest. There lays a question of how to maintain the balance between two. These insurance companies are definitely understand this conflicting interest situation and should be ready to face it.

    But was this re-insurance company opened for profit motive only; probably not. The major possible reason behind establishing a re-insurance company in the country could be to increase the leverage and capacity of existing insurance companies to bear larger risk. Also, even if the re-insurance companies function with profit maximization motive, the profit earned is going to pass onto the promoter insurance companies again, offsetting their loss as customers. Whatever they will pay as customers is going to return back to them only. Therefore, re-insurance companies and its promoters can function with the motive to maximize profit in a healthy way like any other organization would do.

    However, this is possible only when there is consistency and healthy corporate governance inside the organization. If some of the promoters from these insurance companies have larger influence compared to others, they may take advantage of it to act on their own interest rather than larger common interest. In that scenario, there could appear the conflict of interest. But this conflict will be largely due to the conduct of stakeholders involved in decision making rather than conflict of role as customer or investor.

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  • Some of the key legal and regulatory aspects I will consider to provide practical and understandable advise to the investor are as follows:

    • Incorporation: The legal rules, regulations and formalities related with company registration and formation. In Nepal, three different legal windows for microfinance exist. The Financial Intermediaries Societies Act is clearly targeted at microfinance NGOs, while the Cooperative Act caters for different kinds of cooperative societies, amongst other savings and credit cooperatives. Finally, the third institutional type is development banks, of which four are specialised in microfinance.
    • Monetary & legal policies: as mandated by Nepal Rastra Bank or other governing/regulatory bodies.
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  • Novice Asked on November 15, 2017 in Business & Finances.

    The eleven principles of microfinance, along with context and situation of Nepalese micro-finance circumstances are discussed below:

    1. The poor need a variety of financial services, not just loans: More than just loans, poor people need other services such as savings, insurance, money transfer etc. In case of Nepal, money transfer services has been a vital aspect of economic upliftment of poor people whose family members are far away working day and night to make money.
    2. Microfinance is a powerful instrument against poverty: Access to finance can encourage poor entrepreneurial people to start some small business on their own which can in long run help to reduce the poverty. Their business can even provide benefits and employment to more poor people and encourage others to do the same. In Nepal, many push-cart food makers has been able to uplift their economic status with the help of microfinance. At some places, whole villagers have been empowered.
    3. Microfinance means building financial systems that serve the poor: The sole existence of microfinance   has been to serve the poor and it is why it was coined.
    4. Financial sustainability is necessary to reach significant numbers of poor people: I think it’s both vice versa.
    5. Microfinance is about building permanent local financial institutions. Building financial systems for the poor means building sound domestic financial intermediaries that can provide financial services to poor people on a permanent basis. Such institutions should be able to mobilize and recycle domestic savings, extend credit, and provide a range of services.  Dependence on funding from donors and governments—including government-financed development banks—will gradually diminish as local financial institutions and private capital markets mature.
    6. Microcredit is not always the answer: Sometimes people with no option to repayment in near future may require donations rather than credit. For example, poor people who were victims of earthquake may need donations for reconstruction of small shelters for them rather than microcredit to re-establish themselves. Therefore, microcredit may not always be the answer.
    7. Interest rate ceilings can damage poor people’s access to financial services: This may not always be true, particularly when micro-finance companies may try to charge too much to exploit the poor. Rather interest rate should be monitored and controlled. However, too low a ceilings rate shouldn’t be mandated.
    8. The government’s role is as an enabler, not as a direct provider of financial services: There is no such hard & fast rule that government role should be limited to just being an enabler. However, being an enabler has to be the major role of government and should look forward to build in such environment where every people can have access to financial services. In Nepal, NRB as a government organization has being doing a good being enabler of financial services. Also, there are government corporation banks which are actively providing financial services to the people.
    9. Donor subsidies should complement, not compete with private sector capital: Donor subsidies in its true nature itself exist to help not to compete or draw profit/benefit out of it. Hence, there is no question of donor subsidies competing with private sector.
    10. The lack of institutional and human capacity is the key constraint: Reaching to the poor and serving them at their doorsteps is a daunting task. This requires human capacity and infrastructure in place to meet financial services with social motto. However, if this sector can be made lucrative, this constraint can be overcome. The growth & popularity of micro-finance institutions in Nepal can be taken as example of such.
    11. The importance of financial and outreach transparency: Bank supervisors and regulators, donors, investors, and more importantly, the poor who are clients of microfinance need accurate, standardized, and comparable information on the financial and social performance of financial institutions to adequately assess risk and returns.
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  • For C30  we have  cement:sand: aggregate ratio of 1:2:3. C30 is a concrete of 30 Mpa compressive strength at the end of 28days and is also referred as M30 cement.

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  • Novice Asked on September 21, 2017 in Colleges & Universities.

    Undoubtedly, Kathmandu University School of Management (KUSOM)  is the best MBA college in Nepal. It is located in Balkumari, Kathmandu separate from Kathmandu University. After which SOMTU (Tribhuvan University) comes as second. Apart from that, in private colleges, we have Ace, Apex, Kings College which are providing good MBA education in Nepal.

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  • Novice Asked on September 21, 2017 in Lifestyle.

    There are the seven cultural dimensions in Trompenaars which are as follows:

    1. Universalism versus Particularism
    2. Individualism versus Communitarianism
    3. Neutral versus Emotional
    4. Specific versus Diffuse
    5. Achievement versus Ascription
    6. Sequential versus Synchronous time
    7. Internal direction versus External direction
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  • Basically there are six cultural dimensions as explained by Geert Hofstede which are as follows:

    1. Power Distance
    2. Uncertainty Avoidance
    3. Individualism
    4. Indulgence
    5. Long term orientation
    6. Masculinity

    Power distance referes to how the power is concentrated in the society or organization. Country with high power distance tends to have concentrated power on upper level position and have inequality in terms of power distribution. Lower level people are more submissive. Uncertainty avoidance means how risk averse people are. Countries high on it have strict rules and regulations along with safety measures. Individualistic society focuses more on individuals and their immediate family whereas opposite society collective works for the benefit of their group circle. Indulgence refers to freedom of expression of emotions be it laughter, joy or sorrow in the form of tears. Country low on it will show less indulgence. Long term orientation countries are pragmatic in nature whereas short term countries are normative who tends to follow the established culture, religion or norms. Masculinity refers to tendency in which individual success, victory,  achievement is given priority and that is what drive people. Whereas in feminine society, overall welfare of the society,and general happiness is given more value over individual success.

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  • Novice Asked on August 11, 2017 in Jobs & Career.

    Since, you are deciding to shift to USA, it is probably good (or may be even mandatory) to be associated with American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). In the career section of their website, they do provide the listing of civil related jobs only. Probably that is what you are looking for. You can check it here:

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  • The first thing I want to say is you’re going to get a lot of biased reviews on ColoCrossing because of a couple of big incidents they’ve had here on WHT. I’m not going to praise them to be the best, because as much as I like Jon and his company, that’s not what I truly believe. But I definitely think they are far opposite from a shady operation, they are growing everyday, and they’ve always taken care of me. I’ll give you my honest review of ColoCrossing and also make a couple of recommendations for other providers I think you should strongly consider.

    I’ve had many servers hosted with ColoCrossing before back when I ran a game server provider. I don’t have first hand experience with their ‘managed services’ but I do know their support was great. I will say, one of their employee’s is very blunt and can be taken as rude, his name is Alex Vial. But he’s been the only issue I’ve had with the company, and he didn’t even really do anything wrong, I just didn’t like his personality when communicating with him in the past. I will answer your questions accordingly below:

    • Customer Service – 10/10…especially if you work directly with Jon. With the exception of Alex, all of their employee’s always treated me top notch, and Jon is so quick to reply and does nothing but impress me when it comes to customer service.
    • Product Offerings – I assume you’re asking the quality and variety of their products. Servers have always been great, no failures or anything. All my customers gave me great feedback about the network when I hosted with them. They have a wide range of products and I never had any complaints.
    • Recent experiences – Can’t say I have recent experiences, I last hosted with them 4-5 years ago. But they’ve grown a ton since then, and usually companies don’t grow with bad service.
    • What do you feel that they do well? – They give you a lot for the price you pay. They are considered by many as a budget provider, but they support you like a premium provider. Like I said, I don’t think they’re the best, but they’re definitely great and when I feel they are a perfect fit for me, I will certainly do business with them again.
    • What do you feel that they struggle with? – It’s hard for me to answer this because I honestly have only had 1 bad issue with them, which was just a specific employee which I’ve already named. You might get a better answer from other past customers of their’s than from me. I don’t want to make them sound like they have nothing bad, but I just personally never ran into any other issues.
    • What do you feel they are missing from their service that would make them great? – I can only answer this question from back in the days, but back in the days their support was slow during ‘off-times’ but I’m pretty sure that’s fixed now. And it wasn’t even terrible, it was just a over a few hours…these days industry standards are under an hour.
    • SLA’s – I have not had to use them. Never once had any downtime or not received anything that was advertised.
    • Billing issues? – No billing issues, everything was automated and straight forward.
    • Network – I was in the game server industry, and this was the most important thing to gamers. None of my customers ever complained about the network, and I had many compliments.

    Have you used any other infrastructure provider that has been stellar? If so, who and what made them outstanding? – GigeNET. If you choose not to host with CC, HV or any other host that I or someone else recommends, please give Mo at GigeNET a shout and let him know Patrick Nett referred you (would be much appreciated). GigeNET has been my favorite provider out of anyone I have ever used. Their network was unbelievably fast, their support was ridiculously amazing, the only issue is they are expensive as balls and they don’t really come down on pricing much. You get what you pay for I guess, lol.

    Aside from GigeNET, I would also like to recommend SteadFast. You may have seen Karl Zimmerman frequent these forums, he’s the owner of SteadFast and runs a solid operation. I don’t think I’ve ever seen or heard of a bad review from them, and they’re known to be one of the top providers in the Chicago area. I don’t know exactly what you plan to use these hosts for, but when you mention you’re in search of an ‘infrastructure partner’ I immediately think you should give SteadFast a call.

    TLDR; ColoCrossing is great and highly recommended. GigeNET has been my favorite, but they’re so pricey. SteadFast is a solid choice you should at least look into before making a final decision.

    I feel bad for Hivelocity as I’m praising these other companies and leaving them out. I haven’t hosted with them so I can’t speak much on their behalf, but I will say I have contacted a couple of their reps before and they were very quick to respond and very professional. They also have a good reputation, so if you decide to go with them I’m sure everything will be great.

    Regardless of your decision, I wish you best of luck in finding a new partner!

    (As posted in:

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  • Other quotes apart from one you mentioned are:

    1. When I was a boy, one of our senior players used to position his beautiful bike behind me and then hit balls at me to catch. If I missed one and it hit the bike,I had to fix up the mark. Therefore I learned not to miss any. I’ve either been polishing bikes or trying to cling on to catches pretty much ever since.
    2. I have three dogs at home. Even after losing a series or winning a series, they treat me the same way.
    3. I’m on national duties so I think everything else can wait – (said during birth of his daughter)
    4. I love my country I tell my wife she is only the third most important thing after my country and my parents, in that order.
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  • This is to reduce the inclination angle of the bridge. If you look closely there’s a railway track under the bridge and the minimum allowed vertical clearance for rail is 20 feet. So this is good engineered design.

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  • Step foundation should overlap by twice the height of the step , by the thickness of the foundations, or by 300mm, whichever is the greater.

    RE: How is step foundation overlapped?

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  • This time also, esewa are selling the match tickets for Nepal vs Kenya ICC World Cricket League Championship match. You can books ticket online from their website: or you can visit nearest esewa outlet.

    The price for the ticket is Rs. 200 be it kid or adult.

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  • Novice Asked on February 25, 2017 in Business & Finances.

    If it had been 2-3 years back, it would have been relevant to ask what to buy with bitcoin. However, now the scenario has changed and bitcoin is getting more popularity. Many of the recognized organizations like Microsoft has started accepting bitcoins as well. Lot of vendors has started accepting payments in bitcoin. What you can do is, instead of thinking what you can buy with bitcoin, you can make product specific search. For example, if you want to buy web hosting with bitcoin, you can make a search in google with query “buy web hosting with bitcoin” or something similar. Another example would be: Suppose you want to purchase airway tickets, then you can google “purchase air ticket with bitcoin”. This way you can have more information about whether the product you want to buy is available to be purchase in bitcoin or not.

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  • Novice Asked on February 17, 2017 in Others.

    Can you please elaborate your question. What sort of posts do you want to download? Or is there any specific link or website from where you want to download posts?

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  • Novice Asked on February 14, 2017 in Jobs & Career.

    For vacancies within India you can look into:

    For vacancies in Gulf countries you can look into: (However this one is not for freshers only)


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  • To add to the list, – a civil engineering, architecture & design blog also provides very much good information on topics related to civil engineering and its branches.

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  • Novice Asked on February 1, 2017 in Engineering & Science.

    Soil that is sandy, silty, or clayey may be problematic, depending on your requirements. To deal with native soil of inadequate quality, you can add a binding material such as lime, cement, or asphalt emulsion, or you may need to remove and replace the soil if it cannot be strengthened sufficiently.

    For a base course, dense-graded soil is often preferred that has limited air voids, so some fraction of all particle sizes is needed, but with a low percentage of fines. If the soil is to serve as a surface course, for example on a gravel road, the proportion of fines should be slightly higher. As a result, converting a gravel road to a paved road is not necessarily as simple as just adding an asphalt overlay or a chip seal. The fines content that makes a good surface may be too soft to serve as a suitable base course, potentially shortening the life of the new roadway structure.

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  • Novice Asked on February 1, 2017 in Engineering & Science.

    I would be very glad to share with you few of the truss bridge designs. This image has most of them covered:

    RE: Truss bridge designs

    Since you can come up with n no. of such designs, it is not the complete set. However, these images should give a tentative idea of how they are. For specifications about individual design mentioned above in the image, you can google the name of type of each bridges and then find out information on those individual items. Hope this helps.

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  • Novice Asked on January 20, 2017 in Lifestyle.

    Marina Bay Sands is an integrated resort fronting Marina Bay in Singapore. At its opening in 2010, it was billed as the world’s most expensive standalone casino property at S$8 billion, including the land cost

    RE: How good is Marina Bay Sands?

    Marina Bay Sands has three 55-story hotel towers which were topped out in July 2009. The three towers are connected by a 1 hectare roof terrace, Sands SkyPark. The observation deck provides panoramic views across the bay. The ArtScience Museum is constructed next to the three blocks and has the shape of a lotus. Its roof is retractable, providing a waterfall through the roof of collected rainwater when closed in the day and laser shows when opened at night. In front of the Event Plaza is Wonder Full, a light and water show that is the largest in Southeast Asia and was produced by Laservision. The ArtScience Museum and Wonder Full show opened on 17 February 2011.

    The SkyPark has the world’s longest elevated swimming pool, with a 146-metre (478 ft) vanishing edge, 191 metres above ground.

    RE: How good is Marina Bay Sands?

    The pools are made up of 422,000 pounds of stainless steel and can hold 376,500 gallons (1424 cubic metres) of water. The SkyPark also has rooftop celebrity chef restaurants such as Sky on 57 (by Justin Quek), Spago (by Wolfgang Puck), nightclubs such as Ce La Vie, gardens, hundreds of trees and plants, and a public observatory deck on the cantilever with 360-degree views of the Singapore skyline.


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  • Novice Asked on January 19, 2017 in Engineering & Science.

    The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate strait, the one-mile-wide (1.6 km), three-mile-long (4.8 km) channel between San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean.

    Until 1964, the Golden Gate Bridge had the longest suspension bridge main span in the world, at 4,200 feet (1,300 m). Since 1964 its main span length has been surpassed by ten bridges; it now has the second-longest main span in the United States, after the Verrazano–Narrows Bridge in New York City. The total length of the Golden Gate Bridge from abutment to abutment is 8,981 feet (2,737 m).

    The Golden Gate Bridge’s clearance above high water averages 220 feet (67 m) while its towers, at 746 feet (227 m) above the water, were the world’s tallest on a suspension bridge until 1998 when bridges in Denmark and Japan were completed.

    The weight of the roadway is hung from two cables that pass through the two main towers and are fixed in concrete at each end. Each cable is made of 27,572 strands of wire. There are 80,000 miles (130,000 km) of wire in the main cables.The bridge has approximately 1,200,000 total rivets.

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  • The work is under construction.

    Work is well underway to build a luxury five-star hotel in an abandoned quarry in the Songjiang District of Shanghai in eastern China

    As per, This £345million complex has been designed by British-based firm Atkins and will have 370 guest rooms across its 19 floors to be enjoyed by the Chinese elite.

    Two of the floors will be above ground and 17 below, but the two bottom floors will be underwater and boast a glass-walled aquarium, a restaurant and guest rooms.

    A swimming pool and a sports centre will also be built inside the hotel as well as several restaurants, a banqueting hall and conference rooms for business meetings.

    Atkins has even designed the structure to blend in with the landscape using an eco-friendly green roof that will be have various trees planted on top.

    The hotel, which is estimated to be completed in 2017, will have an exact altitude of minus 87 yards and guest rooms will start at around £200 per night.

    RE: Songjiang Shimao Hotel China - Is it real?

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  • Novice Asked on January 14, 2017 in Others.

    Yes, Yama Buddha has died. He is no longer between us. I don’t think its a hoax cause reputed newsite My Republica has mentioned the news which you can read here:

    A sad news for Nepali music industry and his fan followers and relatives.

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  • Shuttering or in other words formwork is the wooden planks or strips used as a temporary structure for fencing to contain setting concrete, to support the sides of trenches, etc.


    The types of shuttering/formwork are as follows:
    1. Timber shuttering
    2. Steel shuttering
    3. Plywood shuttering


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  • For servers on the East Coast I would recommend Database By Design (Philadelphia, PA) or Psychz (Ashburn, VA). Both are active on the forum and offer nice deals from time to time.


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  • Novice Asked on January 7, 2017 in Web & Internet.

    1. You could easily send 3M+ emails comfortably from a quad core (E3-1240v5/1270v5) server with an SSD.
    2. SES is very easy to setup and has a VERY high delivery rate as long as your emails are quality.
    3. SES sends emails from their own IPs, you won’t need any for yourself.

    Mailchimp from what I can see charge over $1000 for the amount of subscribers you have, you could easily send all those from a dedicated server and SES for under $500.

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  • Short version:
    Here’s what prompted me to login to WHT to write this review: Over the past week I’ve noticed that my Munim CPU graph showed “user” had tripled in CPU usage. I couldn’t think of any reason that would case this, so I put in a ticket yesterday… yes, Christmas Eve. I basically showed them the graph and said, “can you figure out what’s going on?”

    I had a few responses that basically said “We’re digging into this.”, but the best response came after about 10 hours of troubleshooting:

    “I have checked and found CPU logs have been rotated on the server. I have also checked other logs and found that email account have been compromised and sending bulk mails from December 18th. Due to this the mail IP has been blacklisted in yahoo which may be one of the reasons for CPU usages on the server. Also I can see that the mail queue is high on the server.

    I have scanned your server but did not find any infected files. I have monitored your server for some time now and the load has been normal and stable. I recommend changing the password for the email account as well as cPanel. We also recommend clearing the mail queue on the server. Please let us know how you wish to proceed.

    Also fill up the IP removal request form at the URL:…er/bulkv2.html


    WOW! I had no idea, and if it wasn’t for their efforts, I probably would have just been like, “Oh, I’m sure it’s not really a big deal.” and let it go on.

    What incredible problem-solving server management help… on CHRISTMAS EVE!!!!

    Longer Version:
    I’ve been running websites since college in 1999. I started off hosting stuff on tripod & geocities, then eventually went through a handful of “reseller” accounts, then a VPS, then ServInt from 2005 until 2015 (10 years!) going through their various VPS and Dedicated offerings.

    A year ago I decided it was time to move. A bunch of buddies that had similar websites and volume suggested I try Linode. It was a daunting thought to move from a fully-managed host that I’d been with for 10 years and migrate a TON of sites over to a completely unmanaged system.

    Well, with the encouragement of a couple people I really respect, I decided to make the move. So, a year ago I pulled the trigger and created a $20 / month Linode instance… but I was still terrified of the next steps.

    After a bunch of research, I decided to give Platinum Server Management a try. Going with a “low cost” provider with some questionable reviews on WHT kinda scared me… but I read something that Platinum Server Management had posted on their FAQ that really convinced me:



    “No, but since we do not have any term contract, feel free to signup for 1 month only. Our price for the entire month is cheaper than any other competitor’s one-time fee or hourly rate anyway.”

    They were right! I was thinking about hiring someone to setup / config my server with LAMP, cPanel, and Softaculous. Heck, if they could do all that for $30, then why not give it a try?!?

    Well, not only did they get all of that stuff setup, but they helped identify and resolve some screwups that I caused myself during the process!!

    Over the past year, I’ve submitted about 45 tickets (most were in the beginning months, very few later) and my average response/resolution time to my tickets of: 1 hours 42 mins

    My only slight reservation with them is that their response time can be somewhat slow. Well, let me rephrase that… their initial “We’re looking into it” response is pretty quick, but it can sometimes take a little longer to get an update than I was used to with ServInt, especially when they had phone support. That said, I’ve been VERY impressed with what I get for the price I’m paying!

    I’ll echo one request others have posted: It would be nice to have an upgrade option for emergency phone support. There are sometimes that I just wish I could leverage that if needed.

    So, I’d definitely suggest giving Platinum Server Management a try!

    Linode: Not a ton to say here. Maybe a few points:

    Servers seem pretty fast. After a few months I was getting low on disk space so I upgraded from $20 to $40 Linode and then enabled backup for $10… so my monthly cost is $50.

    At one point they offered everyone a free doubling upgrade of RAM if requested, which I did. They had to move me to a different box, but after the upgrade, even though I had more RAM, my CPU loads were higher than before. I put in a ticket and they moved me again. This time my loads were lower. My guess is that the box I was in was potentially oversold or overused?

    I’ve been overall very happy with Linode and the performance I’m getting for the $$.

    So, the combo of Linode + Platinum Server Management + cPanel/WHM + Softaculous (all total about $100 a month) has been a GREAT solution for a relatively novice website guy!

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  • Novice Asked on January 7, 2017 in Engineering & Science.

    Take a simple ruler. Try to bend it about the axis where the depth is smaller compared to the width like in the image below.

    You’ll notice that it’s very easily bendable. Now, continue bending it by applying more load until it breaks.

    *Snap* Wow! You are very powerful. Everybody, we have a Thor here!

    Ok, now let’s try and bend it about the axis where the depth is greater. Make sure you bend the ruler only about this axis, lest you introduce bi-axial moments which we do not want right now. Also, be careful not to twist the ruler which induces torsion, we don’t want that too. We want to keep things simple here.

    Ok, let the bending begin…

    Image credit:

    What’s that? You can’t? What happened?… Come on! I thought you were Thor.

    Fine. Let’s see what happened. There are two parameters which we are concerned here- Deflection and Moment Resisting Capacity. Let’s draw the two sections in question. I’ll assume the material to be made of mild steel for the sake of simplicity. Let the dimension of the ruler be 300mmx30mmx3mm.


    The following chart gives the value of deflection of beams for various types and loading conditions.

    Image credit:

    I know the chart seems a bit intimidating for a beginner. Not to worry, we are not going into the detail of how the formulas are arrived at.  Just have a look at the formulas. As you can see, all the formulas for deflection has EI in its denominator, meaning, the deflection is inversely proportional to the product of Young’s Modulus (E) and Moment of Inertia (I). So, as the EI doubles, the deflection becomes half. If EI gets halved, the deflection doubles. (The product EI is known as flexural rigidity.)

    A quick note on E and I. The Young’s modulus E is a material property. It is nothing but the stress required to be applied to a member to produce a unit strain in it. Higher the value of E, lesser the deformation/deflection. E.g. The value of E for steel is 210,000 MPa. So, theoretically it means that if you take a steel rod of 1m length and pull it with a load that induces a stress of 210,000 MPa then the rod would deform to a length of 2m. i.e. length of rod gets doubled. (Of course, practically speaking the rod would fail at around 250 MPa (yield strength of steel), well before you can achieve such a deformation.) Contrast this with the value of E for rubber which is around 50 MPa, 4000 times lesser than steel. Aluminium has an E value of 70,000 MPa i.e., 1/3rd that of steel. Now, if we take a steel beam and an aluminium beam of same size, load it with same magnitude of loads, if the steel beam has a deflection of ‘x’ mm, then aluminium beam would have ‘3x’ mm deflection. Essentially, E gives us an idea of how strongly a material resists deformation/deflection.

    Coming to I. Moment of inertia ( also called second moment of area) is purely a geometric property. It has got nothing to do with the type of material. It denotes how far the area is distributed from the axis under consideration. When the word moment of inertia is mentioned, it is always accompanied by an axis. When you see a value of I, you must always know to what axis it is concerned. Steel, aluminium, copper, wood, fiber glass, etc, all can have the same value of I if the sections are similar. For the same material, value of I changes as the shape and axis are changed. I basically tells us how much resistance the section offer against bending. Higher the I (more further the material are spread from the axis), higher the resistance against bending. Now combine this with E, you’ll see the significance of EI.

    Now, coming back to our case of ruler. Why was the ruler easily bendable in the first case but not in the second case? Let’s look at the deflection formula for this loading condition.

    Image credit: Textbook of Mechanics of Materials by James M. Gere.

    The loading condition for our experiment can be depicted as a simply supported beam with moments applied at both ends. The maximum deflection for such an arrangement will happen at the center of the ruler. The deflection can be calculated from the formula: ML^2/(8EI), where M is the moment applied, L is the length of ruler (=300mm). Let’s apply same load for both the cases and see what is the deflection. Now, coming to E in the equation, steel being isotropic, it has the same material properties in all the directions. So, E is constant for both the cases. Now we are left with I. Let’s calculate I for both the cases. For a rectangular section, I is given by bd³/12.

    Case 1:

    I = (30)*(3)^3/12 = 30*27/12 = 67.5 mm^4

    Case 2:

    I = (3)*(30)^3/12 = 3*27000/12 = 6750 mm^4

    Moment of inertia in the case 2 is 100 times greater compared to case 1.

    Therefore, as all the other variables in the deflection equation are equal, the deflection of the ruler in case 1 is 100 times greater than the deflection of ruler in case 2.


    *Sigh* This answer is getting longer than I expected. All because of the fake Thor here. Had he been able to break the freakin’ ruler, I wouldn’t be going through all this trouble. Anyway, read along.

    Now, let’s calculate the maximum moment the ruler can carry in both the cases. It can be done using flexure formula:

    Image credit: Textbook of Mechanics of Materials by James M. Gere.

    M = f*I/y

    where, M is the moment, y is the distance of plane under consideration from the neutral axis, f is the stress developed along this plane.

    The maximum bending moment induced in a beam before failure happens when the stress ‘f’ in the extreme end exceeds the strength of the material. For a mild steel, the strength is 250 MPa. The maximum stress is achieved in the plane farthest from the neutral axis, so, ‘y’ is equal to (depth/2). We already know ‘I’ from the previous calculations. Substituting all the these in the above equation we can calculate the maximum moment the ruler can carry in each case,

    Case 1:

    M = 250*67.5/1.5 = 11250 Nm or 11.25 kNm.

    Case 2:

    M = 250*6750/15 = 112500 Nm or 112.5 kNm.

    The ruler is able to carry 10 times more moments in case 2 than in case 1.

    Now coming back to your question. What was that again? Ah! Why is the depth of beam greater than its width?

    The thing is, beams are mainly subject to bending moments about the lateral axis. We want beams to have less deflections and carry more loads. That’s the whole idea, right? You don’t want beams in your house to sag down and creep you out. Also, it would be nice to have beams not collapse on you while you are asleep.

    As demonstrated above, beams with higher moment of inertia will have lesser deflection and carry more loads. Furthermore, we know that the value of I for a rectangular section is given by bd³/12. It is evident that I increases linearly with width but increases by three orders of magnitude with depth. Hence, obviously, it is more beneficial to have more depth than width.

    But, why don’t we make the widths even slimmer? That’s because there may be moments about the perpendicular axis too which can’t be ignored. A thin beam would fail due to buckling. Also, in an RCC beam, you need to be able to place the steel rebars as far away from the neutral axis as possible to have high resisting moments. Here if you don’t have a wide enough beam, there won’t be enough space available to place all the required rebars effectively.

    Image credit:

    I hope the explanation was clear.

    Now, how is our Thor doing after failing miserably at a simple task?

    Hey, don’t be mad at me. I am not responsible for your failure, I is.

    Answered by Prathyaksh Shetty

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  • RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) is like a marriage. Both concrete and steel (i.e. rebar) need each others during structural elements are designed to withstand the load.

    As we knows, concrete is formed by the mixture of Portland cement, aggregates(fine and course) & water. And this results in stone like artificial material which posses a great strength to resist the compression load .

    Whereas the Stones have been already used by the Greek as well as other civilizations to resist/beam the loads. However its use was limited mainly to the columns (Compression Member).

    Imagine if we have a concrete beam with moment which is long enough to be bent. Now, if we apply force strong enough, then it will eventually break.

    Now whenever the concrete is tensioned, its molecular configuration doesn’t allow it to resist the force and so it breaks.(Why concrete is weak in tension). This happens to all of the stone like materials as they are brittle.

    In 1853, a French industrialist known as Coignet realized that the introduction of steel in the  form of rods or grids will confer concrete the missing property it lacked to become a material that was able to resist the compression and tension at the same time.


    Now, one might ask why all of this is necessary if there are already steel structural elements available which can be easily fabricated.


    Only Steel = Expensive

    Only Concrete = Are you mad ?

    Steel + Concrete = Safe
    Everyone knows that the concrete is quit good in compression whereas steel is great in tension. Also Steel is good in compression but as it has a very high strength, the cross section will  become smaller. And we all knows the smaller the cross section the more are the chances of buckling. Whereas concrete on the other hand have low strength so the c/s will be quite larger. Thus to strike the middle path we uae combination of both steel and concrete.

    Now, another question is:

    Why not aluminium or other material ?

    The reason behind this is, when both (aluminium and steel) the material are heated they possess a similar coefficient of the thermal expansion, concrete has of the order of 14 x 10^-6 whereas steel has 12.6 x 10^-6. Therefore when it gets hot, both the materials experience almost same strains resulting in no internal stress formation.

    Now once again a question arises, what would happen even if the internal stresses are formed ? Well, those small strains can create the tensile stresses in concrete, once these stresses are induced then concrete cracks and once the concrete is cracked the bond strength between the steel and concrete is reduced and once it is lost then the material is as good as an independent one. Hence this gives a great advantage of using the steel rather than anything else in the concrete.

    Second reason is availability of steel and the way we can easily recycle it. We have huge furnaces which are able to process and recycle the iron and it is available in quite an abundance.

    Even if we had used aluminum would it have been better ? No, because aluminium is quit more flexible than the steel but it doesn’t show any yield point.

    In fact it (aluminium) shows a very non-linear behavior and there is no such effect as strain hardening exist in case of aluminium. Also aluminium loses its strength quite rapidly just after 80 degrees of heating. And in case of the earthquake we rely mainly on strain hardening of the steel which helps us predicting the behavior.

    So in all, all the points are in favor of steel so we use it rather than anything else.


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  • Here is the comparison of cost:

    The following provides an indication of costs for a 7x10m building with one internal cross wall (and including labour, plant and materials), varied by foundation type:

    Deep strip foundations

    Excavate 30m³ £812.80
    Bulked up to 45m³ loaded into lorries £685.19
    Soil disposal incl tipping charges £1,125.00
    Reinforcement mesh £192.00
    Concrete foundations 10m³ £1,339.45
    Total £4,154.44

    Trenchfill foundations

    Excavate 30m³ £812.80
    Bulked up 45m³ loaded into lorries £685.19
    Soil disposal incl tipping charges £1,125.00
    Reinforcement mesh £384.00
    Concrete foundations 25m³ £3,349.64
    Total £6,356.63

    2m-deep trenchfill foundations

    Excavate 50m³ £1,500.00
    Bulked up 75m³ loaded into lorries £1,141.99
    Soil disposal incl tipping charges £1,875.00
    Compressible material, slip membrane and positioning £606.00
    Reinforcement mesh £408.00
    Concrete foundations 45m³ £6,029.35
    Total  £11,560.34

    Strip foundations seems to be the cheapest here.

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  • Step 1: Excavation

    The hole is dug using an excavator. If you have not already hired a excavator, we will recommend a excavator who we have worked with in the past. The hole must be bigger than the area of the foundation in order to accommodate the workers who will be pouring your foundation.

    Step 2: Pour the Footings

    The footings are created using forms, place on undisturbed ground. The footing is always wider than the concrete walls. Also a number of smaller footings to support various posts inside the home are also usually poured at this time.

    The footings receive the load of the house through the load-bearing walls and posts. The type and size of footing is based on a number of factors including soil conditions, size of the house and slope of the site. There are three kinds of footings: wall, column and stepped. Wall footings support walls. Column footings support posts which in turn support beams that support floors for instance. On steeply sloped sites, steeped footings are used to keep the footing

    Step 3: Pour the Concrete Walls

    Before we pour the walls, we will strip the footings – this means that we will remove the forms, now that the concrete foots have dried and cured, Like the footings, forms are used for poured concrete walls. M&C Foundation Forming uses Resi-ply forms from R. Desilets Concrete Forms and Accessories. We are also a Dealer and Distributor for R. Desilets, providing Concrete Forms and Accessories to our industry partners throughout Atlantic Canada.

    Step 4: Stripping Walls, Waterproofing, Installation of Drainage Pipe

    Again the forms are taken off and the concrete walls are cured before the next step. After stripping your wall, we will apply a vital part of your foundation: Waterproofing.

    Waterproofing must not be confused with Damproofing. Whereas Damproofing will aid in reducing moisture from penetrating your walls and foundation, Water Proofing completely retracts water, thus eliminating any water from seeping into your walls or foundations. The application of this product produces a thick sticky tar-like substance, which cures and acts as an impenetrable membrane, ensuring a dry basement for many, many years to come.We use Tremco Products – specifically Tuff n Dri and Watchdog systems. For more information, please visit our section on Waterproofing.

    There are several different terms for this process, but they all mean the same thing, and Installing the drainage tile is absolutely essential to maintaining a dry foundation. This “weeping tile” draws water away from the foundation, and ensures that any water that seeps into the soil will drain away from the foundation, thus preventing moisture or water damage to your basement.

    Day 5 (If necessary): Pouring Concrete Floor and Backfilling Around Foundation

    You’re almost finished building the base of your home!

    After the drainage pipe has been installed and the waterproofing system has been applied, the concrete floor is poured.

    In the days that follow, several other steps will take place in the construction of your new home, leading to the installation of the subfloor. Once the installation of this subfloor has been completed, the area around your foundation will be backfilled. The soil that is put back is graded such that it slopes away from the foundation, again to ensure water flows away from the wall. This is the last stage of constructing your foundation and basement.

    If the idea of building a new home from the ground up terrifies you, just imagine: Before long, you will be sitting in your dry, cozy rec room, watching the Stanley Cup Finals while the blizzard rages on outside your window, and all of your hard work, building the home of your dreams, will have paid off!!

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  • Novice Asked on January 6, 2017 in Web & Internet.

    Please bookmark the page:

    so that you can return after you test and view your scores online. To register for the TOEFL® paper-based test, return to the TOEFL home page. Sign up there to create a personalized profile to access all your information in one place.

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  • With today’s technology we can build structure with upto height 1-1.5 mile. But if we made some changes to today’s technology and done something innovative, then it can be changed dramatically and we can build to the the height that we would have never imagined. If we change the technology and do something innovative from what we have today then practically we can build a building which is of the equal height of the Mount Everest and this means that a building even taller than the Mount Everest is practically possible. We said taller than the Mount Everest as buildings are just 15% dense as compared to density of the Everest so we have almost 85% more “Buffer” to go taller as we have not yet reached the capacity of earth to hold something upright.

    The reason behind limiting the building at 1 mile or 1.5 mile with today’s technology are as follows :

    Concrete: Upto today ,  we have not poured concrete above 600m from the ground. So in order to build something higher we will have to think of something much more advance. Concrete pumps more powerful than today. For now Jeddah Tower is planned of to be 1000m height and we will be pumping concrete higher than ever, whereas the same building was conceptualized for 1600 m tall but then it was reduced to 1000 m due to some financial issues. This means that we have something planned for pumping the concrete to that extent.

    Elevators: Considering all other challenges, this is the most technical difficulty that we will have to overcome if we want to build something higher. The elevators needs to be not just fast, but extremely fast to serve the top floors. Just assume.. would you like to travel in an elevator for 10 minutes if you have a commute time to work for 10 mins ? Things get quit crazy as well as time consuming so we should must have some innovations for elevators. Using today’s system of the elevators with ultra light cables we are unable to go any taller than a mile or 1.5 miles because the self weight of the cable itself will be enormous. We have to think about something like electromagnetic elevators just like MAGLEV trains. Boom and it rushes up. Acceleration shouldn’t be high, but velocity can be high. So.. with better  elevator systems we can go taller, but with today’s technology 1.5 mile might be enough.

    Wind: It is also a big factor causing discomfort. Wind generally causes motions in the buildings which may cause a person on the higher floors to some sort of discomfort or sickness. Yeh…we know how to make it comfortable. We know that if we reduce the wind induced accelerations we can easily minimize the effect of motions. Because, As a human body we have no problem with the velocity, but we have problems with the accelerations. So if we reduced the acceleration then we can easily remove this discomfort. And we have lots options to reduce it like :

    Tuned mass dampers: Attaching a giant mass at the top of the building which has a period equal to the primary period of the building (i.e. designed period) and it will resists the motion of the building by generating an inertial force opposite to the motion of the building caused due to wind. In Taipei 101 the mass is 0.24% of mass of the building. this is approx 670 tonnes or so. Huge chunk of the mass. To take this to the top in pieces itself was a challenge. Now, imagine lifting the pieces 1.5 mile above the ground, quit difficult ha..!!. It will take a long time for all the pieces to reach the top. So again this limits us until we have the  better cranes. Faster and stable ones.

    Dissipation of wind energy: In short, This is a technique of confusing the wind so that we can reduce the forces (caused due to effects of wind on the structure). In this the cross section  of the building is tweaked in such a way that it will hardly generates any cross wind motions. As simple as that  .

    Earthquakes: Once we are able to design the building for wind we will don’t have to worry so much about the earthquakes in very tall buildings, because generally in such cases wind forces will govern more than anything else. And also in case of earthquake such tall skyscrapers will behave in a much more predictable manner than the shorter buildings.. Thus, we can design these buildings for earthquakes much more efficiently.

    So in short, if we overcome the current technological limitations, we can go as high as we want. But if bound us with it then we are afraid we are reaching our limits. If we do something innovative then maybe we can build that one too.

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