Hackman & Oldham’s job characteristics model
The theory was developed in the 1970s which comprises five characteristics of jobs such as skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy and feedback. The characteristics are combined with three psychological states to determine the personal and work outcome. For a task or job to be motivating for a staff, there must be balance between all these five characteristics of jobs. That is what Hackman and Oldham suggest as well.