How is footing design done?

Can someone teach me how footing design is done? I need a thorough guide on footing design. Also what are the factors that we have to consider while designing a footing or foundation of a structure? Is there any specific software to help with designing a foundation of building or civil structure.

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    “Calculate the load coming from wall/ structure then divide it by safe bearing capacity of soil, you will get width of foundation, for appropriate depth use Rankine formula.” ——- Rajat Khare

    Before any structure goes into the ground, there is a need to carry out first an Environmental Impact Assessment Test of which you will carry out a Soil test to ascertain the nature of the soil for a given Project.” ————– Ubong Ekoi

    Source: Extracted from internet

    Novice Answered on August 6, 2016.
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    the designing of soil depends upon type of load subjected by structure

    Novice Answered on August 28, 2016.
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    SAFE – Concrete Slab and Foundation Design) this software is used by most of the companies for the design of footings and foundations.

    Novice Answered on September 10, 2016.
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